Development of media forms in historical and social contexts. Impact of old "new" media on established art, commerce, education, politics, entertainment from 19th c on. Changing ideas about authenticity, authority, agency, reception, identity, and power relating to emerging media forms, production, circulation. Overlaps, disjunctures, convergences, persistences and antiquations. Print publishing, photography, audio recording, film, telegraph, maps, exhibitions, architecture and installations; web, multimedia, database, game, virtual reality, and telepresence. Final rich media research project required. Graduate version also requires theoretically and historically informed seminar paper.